A supernova triggered the BOAT gamma ray burst, JWST information confirms

Artist's visualization of GRB 221009A showing the narrow relativistic jets — emerging from a central black hole — that gave rise to the brightest gamma ray burst yet detected.

Enlarge / Artist’s visualization of GRB 221009A displaying the slender relativistic jets—rising from a central black gap—that gave rise to the brightest gamma-ray burst but. detected. (credit score: Aaron M. Geller/Northwestern/CIERA/ ITRC&DS)

In October 2022, a number of space-based detectors picked up a strong gamma-ray burst so energetic that astronomers nicknamed it the BOAT (Brightest Of All Time). Now they’ve confirmed that the GRB got here from a supernova, based on a brand new paper revealed within the journal Nature Astronomy. Nonetheless, they didn’t discover proof of heavy parts like platinum and gold one would count on from a supernova explosion, which bears on the longstanding query of the origin of such parts within the universe.

As we have reported beforehand, gamma-ray bursts are extraordinarily high-energy explosions in distant galaxies lasting between mere milliseconds to a number of hours. There are two lessons of gamma-ray bursts. Most (70 p.c) are lengthy bursts lasting greater than two seconds, usually with a vivid afterglow. These are normally linked to galaxies with speedy star formation. Astronomers assume that lengthy bursts are tied to the deaths of huge stars collapsing to kind a neutron star or black gap (or, alternatively, a newly fashioned magnetar). The infant black gap would produce jets of extremely energetic particles transferring close to the pace of sunshine, highly effective sufficient to pierce via the stays of the progenitor star, emitting X-rays and gamma rays.

These gamma-ray bursts lasting lower than two seconds (about 30 p.c) are deemed brief bursts, normally emitting from areas with little or no star formation. Astronomers assume these gamma-ray bursts are the results of mergers between two neutron stars, or a neutron star merging with a black gap, comprising a “kilonova.” That speculation was confirmed in 2017 when the LIGO collaboration picked up the gravitational wave sign of two neutron stars merging, accompanied by the highly effective gamma-ray bursts related to a kilonova.

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