Who owns what in Huge Media immediately


Jeff Bezos, in a black suit, and Lauren Sanchez, in a red dress, are being photographed standing in front of a backdrop reading “The Lord of the Rings: Rings of Power.”
Amazon founder Jeff Bezos and Lauren Sanchez on the premiere of The Lord of the Rings: The Rings of Energy in London, August 2022 | Niklas Halle’n/AFP by way of Getty Photos

observe which media firm owns your favourite present — and why which will not be a media firm.

Within the very, very outdated days, TV was easy. There have been three channels, you sat in your sofa, and also you watched no matter they confirmed you.

That’s all completely different now, and far more sophisticated. Additionally extra sophisticated: Determining which media or tech conglomerate owns the rights to the reveals and flicks you wish to watch. We write about these items for a dwelling, and we nonetheless get confused about it.

Which is why we’ve produced the map beneath, which sketches out the relative dimension, energy, and relationships between the businesses that make, personal, and distribute the stuff we watch at residence, on our telephones, and even typically in a theater.

We’ve been making this one for 4 years. And every time we’ve created a brand new version, we’ve promised that the map would proceed altering, and it definitely has this time round.

However it hasn’t modified in precisely the best way we’d have imagined just some years in the past. Sure, media firms proceed to merge with and soak up one another. However the principle change is that Wall Avenue, which used to like Netflix, is now far more ambivalent about streaming, so Netflix’s worth has dropped dramatically.

And each media firm that has been chasing Netflix by attempting to create its personal high-growth, low/no-profit streaming service has seen its worth fall as nicely. In 2016, for instance, Time Warner was price $85 billion plus debt to AT&T; now the corporate that was known as Time Warner has been handed over to the Discovery cable networks, which has a mixed worth of solely about $30 billion.

The opposite main change is one we’ve made on the request of a lot of our readers, who rightfully argue that the large tech platforms — Amazon, Apple, Fb, and Google — are media firms. So we’re together with them on this 12 months’s version, regardless that there are large variations in the best way these firms strategy media. Amazon, for example, treats media as a (very costly) sidelight — a strategy to persuade folks to subscribe to its Prime buying service. In the meantime, YouTube is a key element of Google/Alphabet’s core promoting enterprise. The primary takeaway: These giants make the most important media firms look tiny. (And sure, we must always in all probability embody TikTok subsequent time.)

Our warning/recommendation/promise nonetheless holds, by the best way: There can be extra adjustments to return on this map, mainly by way of consolidation. It’s now standard trade knowledge, for example, to imagine that Warner Bros. Discovery will find yourself combining with Comcast’s NBCUniversal within the subsequent couple of years. And smaller gamers like AMC Networks and Paramount are always described as acquisition targets.

That mentioned, it’s not totally clear who would do the buying, on condition that any massive tech acquisition of a significant media outlet will draw plenty of regulatory scrutiny. (It might be telling, for example, that Amazon purchased MGM — a media firm that doesn’t personal TV networks and has a low client profile. And the Biden administration nonetheless raised a number of eyebrows about that deal earlier than letting it undergo this 12 months.) And mixing two smaller media firms simply will get you a … barely greater media firm.

So sure, this map will change … in some way, in the end. We’re simply finished predicting how it’s going to alter.

This graphic shows the media lanlandscape.

Media panorama

Distribution

Streaming

Content material

Tech

Apple TV+

20-40M subs

Circles sized by market cap (September 2022)

MGM

YouTube

Reels

Fb

$392B

Amazon

$1.3T

Google

$1.3T

Apple

$2.4T

Prime Video

Channels

Hulu

$27.5B†

NBC

Peacock

Disney+

ESPN

152M subs

13M subs

Comcast

$151B

Disney

$197B

67% stake

33% stake

46M subs

17M video

32M

broadband

CNBC

Common

Studios

Marvel

Studios

Lucasfilm

Netflix

$106B

Verizon

$173B

AT&T

$118B

Warner Bros.

Discovery

$31B

Fox

$18B

Turner

(CNN,

TNT, TBS)

221M subs

Fox

Information

Fox

broadcast

HBO, HBO Max,

Discovery+

92M subs

Meals

Community

3.5M video

7M broadband

70% stake

Sony Photos

$9.5B**

Paramount

$15B

Constitution

$60B

DirecTV

$12B

Cox

$26B*

Axios

CBS

Columbia

Photos

Sony

Photos TV

Paramount+

43M subs

Showtime

15M video

30M broadband

14M video

3M video

5.5M broadband

Roku

$10B

Altice USA

$4B

Dish

$9B

AMC

$1B

Univision

$<1B

Lionsgate

$2.3B

60M energetic

accounts

10M video

(contains Sling)

2.5M video

4M broadband

IFC

Shudder

Univision Information

Lionsgate

Movies

Starz

†Minimal based mostly on 2019 deal; *assumes 2X income a number of;

**assumes 1X income a number of

Supply: The businesses, information stories, Leichtman Analysis Group (cable/ web subs),

Recode reporting

This graphic shows the media lanlandscape.

Media panorama

Distribution

Streaming

Content material

Tech

Apple TV+

20-40M subs

Circles sized by market cap (September 2022)

MGM

YouTube

Reels

Fb

$392B

Amazon

$1.3T

Google

$1.3T

Apple

$2.4T

Prime Video

Channels

Hulu

$27.5B†

Disney+

NBC

Peacock

ESPN

13M subs

152M subs

Comcast

$151B

Disney

$197B

33% stake

67% stake

46M subs

17M video

32M

broadband

Lucasfilm

CNBC

Common

Studios

Marvel

Studios

Netflix

$106B

Warner Bros.

Discovery

$31B

AT&T

$118B

Verizon

$173B

Fox

$18B

Turner

(CNN,

TNT, TBS)

221M subs

Fox

Information

Fox

broadcast

HBO, HBO Max,

Discovery+

92M subs

Meals

Community

3.5M video

7M broadband

70% stake

Sony Photos

$9.5B**

Paramount

$15B

Constitution

$60B

DirecTV

$12B

Cox

$26B*

CBS

Axios

Columbia

Photos

Sony

Photos TV

Paramount+

43M subs

Showtime

14M video

15M video

30M broadband

3M video

5.5M broadband

Roku

$10B

Dish

$9B

Altice USA

$4B

AMC

$1B

Univision

$<1B

Lionsgate

$2.3B

60M energetic

accounts

10M video

(contains Sling)

2.5M video

4M broadband

Univision Information

IFC

Shudder

Lionsgate

Movies

Starz

†Minimal based mostly on 2019 deal; *assumes 2X income a number of;

**assumes 1X income a number of

Supply: The businesses, information stories, Leichtman Analysis Group

(cable/ web subs), Recode reporting

This graphic shows the media lanlandscape.

Media panorama

Distribution

Streaming

Content material

Tech

Circles sized by market cap (September 2022)

Apple TV+

20-40M subs

MGM

YouTube

Reels

Fb

$392B

Amazon

$1.3T

Google

$1.3T

Apple

$2.4T

Prime Video

Channels

Hulu

$27.5B†

Disney+

NBC

Peacock

ESPN

13M subs

152M subs

Comcast

$151B

Disney

$197B

33% stake

67% stake

46M subs

17M video

32M

broadband

CNBC

Common

Studios

Marvel

Studios

Lucasfilm

Netflix

$106B

Warner Bros.

Discovery

$31B

AT&T

$118B

Verizon

$173B

Fox

$18B

Turner

(CNN,

TNT, TBS)

221M subs

Fox

Information

Fox

broadcast

HBO, HBO Max,

Discovery+

92M subs

Meals

Community

3.5M video

7M broadband

70% stake

Sony Photos

$9.5B**

Paramount

$15B

Constitution

$60B

DirecTV

$12B

Cox

$26B*

CBS

Axios

Columbia

Photos

Sony

Photos TV

Paramount+

43M subs

Showtime

14M video

15M video

30M broadband

3M video

5.5M broadband

Roku

$10B

Dish

$9B

Altice USA

$4B

AMC

$1B

Univision

$<1B

Lionsgate

$2.3B

60M energetic

accounts

10M video

(contains Sling)

2.5M video

4M broadband

Univision Information

IFC

Shudder

Lionsgate

Movies

Starz

†Minimal based mostly on 2019 deal; *assumes 2X income a number of;

**assumes 1X income a number of

Supply: The businesses, information stories, Leichtman Analysis Group

(cable/ web subs), Recode reporting

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