The Amazon union vote is over. Right here’s what occurs now.


A protester holds a sign near Amazon’s Bessemer, Alabama, warehouse that reads, “United we bargain, divided we beg.”
A demonstrator holds an indication throughout a February protest close to Amazon’s Bessemer, Alabama, warehouse. | Elijah Nouvelage/Bloomberg by way of Getty Photos

Whether or not or not the union’s problem in Bessemer fails, Amazon will face labor battles elsewhere.

Amazon has come out on prime within the largest US union election within the firm’s historical past. However the labor battle seems removed from over.

The Retail, Wholesale and Division Retailer Union (RWDSU) introduced on Friday that it deliberate to file unfair labor follow fees towards Amazon over allegations of worker intimidation and manipulation. The union additionally requested a listening to earlier than the Nationwide Labor Relations Board (NLRB) to go over its objections.

In the meantime, activists who’ve labored for Amazon mentioned the election consequence is not going to cease extra organizing efforts at different Amazon amenities within the US. And stories in current months level to the Teamsters Union making an attempt to arrange different Amazon warehouses and supply drivers.

In brief, the Amazon union dialog is coming into a brand new part. Right here’s what to anticipate subsequent.

What’s subsequent on the Amazon warehouse in Bessemer, Alabama

Out of two,536 employees who voted within the union election at Amazon’s Bessemer, Alabama facility (referred to as BHM1), 1,798 voted towards unionization in comparison with 738 who voted to unionize. Ballots from one other 505 employees have been challenged by both Amazon or the union, however these votes received’t change the end result, so the election is over.

In a digital press occasion organized by Amazon after the vote depend ended, 4 Bessemer warehouse employees who voted towards unionizing mentioned they imagine the union misplaced as a result of most colleagues respect the advantages they have already got at Amazon and didn’t assume they want a union to make adjustments.

“The union mentioned that we’d by no means have a seat on the desk on our personal, however we even have a seat on the desk,” mentioned an Amazon employee named William Stokes. “Now we’re speaking with senior administration. … Over the subsequent 100 days, we’re going to speak about issues that we wish to change. So change will come out of this.”

Stokes didn’t present particulars of the adjustments sought.

Across the identical time, pro-union Amazon employees appeared with union officers at a separate digital press occasion. The message they tried to get throughout was that they aren’t carried out talking up or preventing for what they really feel they deserve.

“Bezos, you might be incorrect, you might be incorrect all the way in which round,” one Amazon employee, Linda Burns, mentioned, referencing Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos. “You misled loads of our individuals.”

Amazon pushed onerous to persuade employees to vote towards unionization. The corporate arrange an anti-union web site that harped on the truth that union dues would price full-time employees near $500 a 12 months. What the corporate didn’t say on the web site is that, in Alabama, unions can’t require employees to pay union dues. So a union at Amazon’s BHM1 wouldn’t have the ability to power employees to change into members and pay dues or charges. Even in such a state of affairs, these workers would nonetheless be coated by a union contract and can be represented by the union in a case through which the corporate violated the settlement in a method that harmed the employee.

Amazon additionally convened obligatory in-person conferences throughout employee shifts to emphasize the downsides of unions, sending frequent texts to employees with anti-union messages and inspiring them to vote no. The corporate went as far as to put up anti-union flyers on worker toilet stall doorways.

The retail large additionally did one thing else that seems to be much more controversial. Amazon pressed the US Postal Service to put in a mailbox on the grounds of the Bessemer, Alabama, warehouse proper earlier than voting began — and after the NLRB denied the corporate’s request to put a poll drop field on the property. Some employees have mentioned they have been intimidated by the set up of the mailbox, in addition to the messages from Amazon to make use of it, and imagine that the corporate wished to observe who voted.

Amazon spokesperson Heather Knox beforehand instructed the Washington Publish that “the RWDSU … pushed for a mail-only election, which the NLRB’s personal information confirmed would scale back turnout. This mailbox — which solely the USPS had entry to — was a easy, safe, and utterly non-compulsory solution to make it straightforward for workers to vote, no extra and no much less.”

The mailbox and the anti-union messaging round dues will each doubtless come up within the union’s complaints. The NLRB mentioned that the events “have 5 enterprise days to file objections contesting the conduct or outcomes of the election,” and RWDSU has already mentioned it can file unfair labor follow fees towards Amazon for sure habits throughout the marketing campaign and election. The NLRB may select to carry a listening to to seek out out extra concerning the union’s claims if an investigation deems them credible. The labor board may then select to throw out the outcomes and name for a brand new election if it sided with the union.

Amazon union battles exterior of Bessemer

The Bessemer union election, whether or not or not the outcomes are upheld, will doubtless not be the final union drive at an Amazon facility within the US.

Christian Smalls, a former Amazon assistant warehouse supervisor who the New York Legal professional Normal says was unlawfully fired for his labor activism, instructed Recode he’s within the technique of organizing employees on the Staten Island warehouse the place he labored earlier than Amazon dismissed him.

“Though we could not have gotten the outcomes we wished this time round, this doesn’t discourage the employees of Amazon,” he wrote in a textual content message to Recode. “If something, it motivates. We imagine it’s potential much more so than earlier than, so I nonetheless contemplate this a victory for Bessemer to spark the fuse which ignited us all to be speaking about unions once more on this nation.”

Smalls and others have created their very own union, the Amazon Labor Union, that they hope will finally characterize employees not simply in Staten Island however, if profitable, at different Amazon amenities too.

There have been indicators of labor organizing exercise at different Amazon amenities in current months of nicely. In Iowa, for instance, an area chapter of the Teamsters Union has been engaged on organizing Amazon warehouse employees and supply drivers. However a consultant for the union mentioned the group is making an attempt to take a special tack than the RWDSU.

“We’re centered on constructing a brand new kind of labor motion the place we don’t depend on the election course of to lift requirements,” Jesse Case, secretary-treasurer of a Teamsters native in Iowa, instructed the New York Instances.

Within the US, union organizers usually must win an election at every particular person facility of an organization like Amazon’s. Organizers first should get 30 % of employees to signal a card saying they’re taken with a union. After that, the NLRB will maintain an election, through which a majority of voters should vote to unionize to ensure that the union to take maintain. What Case, of the Teamsters, is describing is a extra casual method, utilizing protests and different types of public strain to get an organization like Amazon to make adjustments in keeping with what employees need. An Amazon employee group known as Amazonians United Chicagoland has additionally held protests and walkouts all through the pandemic.

As for the RWDSU, the union’s president mentioned on Friday that the group has heard from greater than 1,000 Amazon employees at different amenities who’re taken with unionizing. However the union wouldn’t say for positive whether or not, or the place, they could push for an election at different Amazon websites ought to the Bessemer enchantment fail.

“I feel it will likely be a second to mirror and take into consideration the most effective technique shifting ahead,” Rebecca Givan, a labor professor at Rutgers College, instructed Recode of whether or not the RWDSU would possibly contemplate giving up on Amazon ought to their Bessemer problem fail. “We would see different kinds of organizing in different Amazon warehouses, slightly than formal union drives underneath the NLRB course of.”

Shirin Ghaffary contributed reporting to this story.

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