BA.4/BA.5 will quickly be dominant within the US. Right here’s what which means

Enlarge / A COVID-19 testing tent stands in Occasions Sq. on April 27, 2022, in New York Metropolis. (credit score: Getty | Spencer Platt) Omicron coronavirus subvariants BA.Four and BA.5… Read more

FDA reportedly getting ready to drive Juul merchandise off the US market

Enlarge / Mint and menthol pods for Juul Labs Inc. e-cigarettes are displayed on the market at a retailer in Princeton, Illinois, in September 2019. (credit score: Getty | Bloomberg)… Read more

COVID rebounds: Immune responses could also be reignited by cleanup of viral scraps

Enlarge / A field of Paxlovid, the Pfizer antiviral drug. (credit score: Getty | Europa Press Information) Pfizer’s antiviral capsule Paxlovid is among the many most treasured instruments for hammering… Read more

Lengthy COVID 20-50% much less seemingly after omicron than delta in vaccinated folks

Enlarge / An extended COVID affected person sits together with her daughter in her wheelchair whereas receiving a saline infusion at her Maryland residence on Friday, Could 27, 2022. (credit… Read more

BA.4, BA.5 rise in Europe; officers sound alarm of COVID-19 surge to return

Enlarge / Members of the general public queue exterior a pharmacy to obtain COVID-19 antigen exams in Paris on January 6, 2022. (credit score: Getty | LUDOVIC MARIN) Omicron subvariants… Read more

Mutations regarded as innocent prove to trigger issues

Enlarge / The genetic code. Observe that a whole lot of the amino acids (the outer layer, in gray) are encoded by a number of units of three-base codes that… Read more

Monkeypox spreading by way of direct, bodily contact, CDC says as US instances hit 45

(credit score: CDC | UK Well being Safety Company) The US has now recognized 45 monkeypox instances scattered throughout 15 states and the District of Columbia, whereas the multinational outbreak… Read more

US can’t afford fall boosters for all—even after cuts to check and PPE spending

Enlarge / An indication for a vaccine website stands in Staten Island on November 29, 2021, in New York Metropolis. (credit score: Getty | Spence Platt) With pandemic funding operating… Read more

FDA advisors overwhelmingly endorse Novavax COVID-19 vaccine

Enlarge / Empty vials of the Novavax Inc. Nuvaxovid COVID-19 vaccine organized on the Tegel Vaccine Middle in Berlin, Germany, on Monday, March 7, 2022. (credit score: Getty | Bloomberg… Read more

With BA.2.12.1 now dominant in US, consultants eye new subvariants BA.four and BA.5

Enlarge / An individual holds a constructive SARS-CoV-2 speedy check on February 17, 2022 in Berlin, Germany. (credit score: Getty | Thomas Trutschel) Omicron subvariant BA.2.12.1 has overtaken BA.2 because… Read more

US officers monitoring over 400 folks for monkeypox; 21 circumstances confirmed

Enlarge / A detrimental stain electron micrograph of a monkeypox virus virion in human vesicular fluid. (credit score: Getty | BSIP) Well being officers within the US have confirmed 21… Read more

What the easy mathematical talents of animals can inform us about ourselves

Enlarge (credit score: Aurich Lawson) We frequently consider mathematical capacity as being uniquely human, however actually, scientists have discovered that many animal species—together with lions, chimpanzees, birds, bees, ants, and… Read more

June 21 is predicted begin date of COVID vaccination for teenagers beneath 5

Enlarge / White Home COVID-19 Response Coordinator Dr. Ashish Jha speaks alongside White Home Press Secretary Karine Jean-Pierre throughout the each day press briefing on the White Home on June… Read more

Specialists warn of continued monkeypox unfold as a whole lot of circumstances discovered worldwide

Enlarge / A destructive stain electron micrograph of a monkeypox virus virion in human vesicular fluid. (credit score: Getty | BSIP) The multinational monkeypox outbreak continues to pose a low… Read more

Bear hibernation: Greater than a winter’s nap

Enlarge / A brown bear with two cubs appears out of its den within the woods underneath a big rock in winter. (credit score: Byrdyak | Getty) Each spring, as… Read more

Which is worse for the soil—combines or dinosaurs?

Enlarge / Having this man stomp by may imply that issues would wrestle to develop there afterwards. (credit score: Roger Harris) Phrases I didn’t anticipate to learn in a scientific… Read more

Mining museums’ genomic treasures

Enlarge / Alpine chipmunks collected by pioneering naturalist Joseph Grinnell within the early 20th century are nonetheless preserved on the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology on the College of California, Berkeley.… Read more

CDC presumes neighborhood unfold of monkeypox; 9 instances now in 7 states

Enlarge / A 2003 picture of the legs and arms of a 4-year-old lady contaminated with monkeypox in Liberia. (credit score: Getty | BSIP) Monkeypox is presumed to have unfold… Read more

Greater than 1 in 5 COVID survivors could develop lengthy COVID, CDC research suggests

Enlarge / An extended-COVID affected person in Germany takes a pulmonary perform take a look at at Hufeland Clinic’s Middle for Pneumology. (credit score: Getty | image alliance) A couple… Read more

Corals convert sunscreen chemical right into a toxin that kills them

Enlarge (credit score: Justin Lewis) Medical authorities have spent years convincing individuals to make use of sunscreen to restrict their publicity to UV mild. However that effort has had a… Read more

Genetics goes to the canines, finds there’s not a lot to breed conduct

Enlarge / Within the case of the samoyed, choice for bodily traits produced a canine that positive appears to be like joyful. (credit score: Zhao Hui) Many canine breeds are… Read more

A biologist and an elite climber group as much as hunt for brand new species in The Final Tepui

Elite climber Alex Honnold groups up with NatGeo to deliver biologist Bruce Means to the highest of an enormous “island within the sky” in The Final Tepui. Deep within the… Read more

No air currents required: Ballooning spiders depend on electrical fields to generate carry

Enlarge / Picture from a 2018 observational research of ballooning in massive spiders depicting a crab spider simply as it’s about to take off. (credit score: Cho, M. et al.,… Read more

Fungus foils invading hordes of loopy ants, and that’s nice for Texas

Enlarge / Tawny loopy ants (Nylanderia fulva) feeding on a cricket. (credit score: Lawrence E. Gilbert) A number of years in the past, staffers at Estero Llano Grande State Park… Read more

Have a protein you need inhibited? New software program can design a blocker

Enlarge / The three-dimensional constructions of proteins present many alternatives for particular interactions. (credit score: Getty Photographs) Thanks partly to the big vary of shapes they’ll undertake and the chemical… Read more

For this reason boa constrictors can breathe whereas squeezing the life out of prey

Enlarge / Brown College biologists X-rayed boa constrictors to find out how they handle to breathe whereas squeezing prey to dying. (credit score: John Capano) Watching a boa constrictor seize… Read more

“Evolution can happen actually, actually quickly”

Enlarge / Do not hassle me, I am busy evolving. (credit score: Indrek Lainjärv / EyeEm) After we consider evolution, we frequently consider gradual, gradual adjustments revamped tens of millions… Read more

Some kinds of mind research want 1000’s of members to be dependable

(credit score: Deanna Barch) One of many unlucky realities of science is that small knowledge units typically produce unreliable outcomes, as any minor, random fluctuations can have a big influence.… Read more

In depth research finds small drop in mind quantity after COVID-19

Enlarge (credit score: Getty Photographs) An infection by SARS-CoV-2 causes a dizzying array of signs past the respiratory misery that’s its most notable characteristic. These vary from intestinal misery to… Read more

Just a few easy guidelines decide how floating fireplace ant rafts change form over time

Enlarge / Fireplace ants kind a protrusion from an ant raft. (credit score: Vernerey Analysis Group/CU Boulder) Fireplace ants are a textbook instance of collective conduct, able to behaving as… Read more

The robber fly is an aerodynamic acrobat that may catch its prey in midflight

Enlarge / A miniature predatory robber fly (Holcocephala fascia) feeds on a captured rove beetle. A brand new examine reveals that the fly approaches its prey from beneath, aiming for… Read more

For T-cells, omicron is nothing uncommon

Enlarge / False-color picture of a T-cell (orange) latching on to a cell in preparation for killing it. (credit score: Getty Pictures) From the beginning, the omicron variant had consultants… Read more

Biologists identify new species of branching worm after legendary King Ghidorah

Enlarge / (left) Biologists have named a newly found species of branching worm, Ramisyllis kingghidorahin, after Godzilla’s nemesis. (proper) Fragment of 1 specimen of the branching worm. (credit score: M.T.… Read more

It’s a very good time to study the immune system—and that is the ebook for it

Enlarge If ever there was a second to brush up in your data of the immune system, that is that second. (Okay, March-April 2020 might have been preferable, however you… Read more

Examine: Feminine dolphins have a working clitoris, so that they in all probability get pleasure from intercourse

Enlarge / Certain, they seem like they’re simply taking a pleasant swim, however these two dolphins are literally aroused. A current examine discovered that feminine bottlenose dolphins have massive erectile… Read more

Digital 3D fashions of ammonite fossils present their muscle mass for first time

Enlarge (credit score: Lesley Cherns et al.) Researchers created a extremely detailed 3D mannequin of a 365-million-year-old ammonite fossil from the Jurassic interval by combining superior imaging methods, revealing inside… Read more

Researchers constructed a gecko-bot to review how geckos glide and crash land

Enlarge / A gecko perches on a leaf. A September research discovered that geckos are excellent gliders, and their tails assist stabilize them once they crash-land into tree trunks. (credit… Read more

Might we construct an artificial digestive system for Imaginative and prescient to make him extra human?

Enlarge / The start of Imaginative and prescient in Avengers: Age of Ultron. Scientists have proposed a doable synthetic digestive system for the synthezoid, though new applied sciences have to… Read more

Tiny tardigrades stroll like bugs 500,000 instances their dimension

Enlarge / SEM Micrograph of a tardigrade, extra generally often known as a water bear or “moss piglet.” (credit score: Cultura RM Unique/Gregory S. Paulson/Getty Photographs) There’s not often time… Read more

People who smoke gave a house to micro organism that now sicken individuals with cystic fibrosis

Enlarge (credit score: Peter Dazeley / Getty Pictures) Smoking can actually clog up the lungs, even for individuals who’ve by no means been close to a cigarette. Seems that smoking… Read more

Vaccine trial finds a glitch with youngsters in a single age vary

Enlarge (credit score: Reshi Irshad / Getty Photos) On Friday, Pfizer and BioNTech introduced that their newest vaccine trial was exhibiting some odd ends in youngsters inside a selected age… Read more

You requested. Ars solutions. Right here’s how you can give an electrical eel an MRI

Enlarge / Veterinarians at Chicago’s Shedd Aquarium have pioneered lots of uncommon procedures to analysis and deal with the animals of their care—together with determining to present MRIs to electrical… Read more

Herpesviruses steal one cell’s protein, use it to contaminate one other

Enlarge / Herpes viruses on the point of infect new cells. (credit score: Thierry Work, USGS) One of many defining options of viruses is that they depend on host proteins… Read more

Autism impacts the microbiome, not the opposite method round

Enlarge / False shade picture of micro organism on a human tongue. (credit score: STEVE GSCHMEISSNER/ Getty Pictures) An altered microbiome has been related to—and thereby both implicitly or explicitly… Read more

Open-sourcing of protein-structure software program is already paying off

Enlarge (credit score: Humphreys et. al.) It’s now comparatively trivial to find out the order of amino acids in a protein. Determining how that order interprets to an advanced three-dimensional… Read more

Scientists tracked these spiders’ each motion as they wove their webs

Johns Hopkins College researchers found exactly how spiders construct webs through the use of night time imaginative and prescient and synthetic intelligence to trace and report each motion of all… Read more

Spiders are a lot smarter than you assume

Enlarge (credit score: xbn83 / Getty Pictures) Folks are inclined to affiliate intelligence with mind measurement. And as a basic guideline, this is smart: extra mind cells, extra psychological capabilities.… Read more

300-year-old tree rings affirm current uptick in hurricane-driven rainfall

Enlarge / Towering longleaf pines within the Inexperienced Swamp of North Carolina. (credit score: Jared Lloyd / Getty Pictures) Tropical cyclones like Hurricane Ida could cause extreme flooding, producing disruptions,… Read more

Delusion, busted: Spider silk won’t have antibiotic properties in spite of everything

Enlarge / A brand new examine discovered that ethyl acetate and different solvents usually used to check the antimicrobial properties of spider silk can inhibit bacterial progress. So prior research… Read more

Unlocking extra secrets and techniques of hagfish slime

Enlarge / A lately found species: the Galapagos Ghost Hagfish (Myxine phantasma). (credit score: Tim Winegard) Meet the common-or-garden hagfish, an unsightly, grey, eel-like creature affectionately referred to as a… Read more

Malaria appears to be evolving to cover from speedy assessments

Enlarge / A technician performs speedy assessments for malaria in Thailand. (credit score: Thierry Falise / Getty Photos) The pandemic has launched lots of people to the thought of speedy… Read more

Confirmed: A duck named Ripper realized the way to say “You bloody idiot!”

Enlarge / Male musk duck (Biziura lobata) captured in digital camera chillaxing within the wild in Sandford, Tasmania, Australia. Not the identical duck recorded 30 years in the past saying… Read more

RNA vaccines appear to supply very totally different antibody ranges

Enlarge / A phlebotomist attracts blood meant for antibody testing. (credit score: Frederic J. Brown / Getty Photos) We have tended to deal with the RNA-based vaccines from Moderna and… Read more

Scientists constructed a tiny robotic to imitate the mantis shrimp’s knock-out punch

Enlarge / An interdisciplinary workforce of roboticists, engineers and biologists modeled the mechanics of the mantis shrimp’s punch and constructed a robotic that mimics the motion. (credit score: Second Bay… Read more

Engineering a second genetic code in parallel with the conventional one

Enlarge / A cartoon of the method that interprets the genetic code in DNA right into a protein. (credit score: BSIP / Getty Pictures) All dwelling issues on Earth use… Read more

With nothing capable of eat them, cane toads are consuming one another

Enlarge / Does this appear like the face of somebody who began off as a cannibal? Why sure, it does. (credit score: REDA & CO / Getty Pictures) The cane… Read more

Examine: Ants create steady tunnels in nests, very similar to people play Jenga

Enlarge / Two ants tunneling in inexperienced gel. A brand new Caltech examine discovered that ants seek for and take away free grains of soil when digging their tunnels, very… Read more

Holding a mirror to life’s key molecules

Enlarge / The left- and right-handed types of an amino acid. Each dwelling factor makes use of the left-handed type completely. (credit score: Wikimedia Commons) The central dogma of molecular… Read more

Evolutionary chaos as butterflies, wasps, and viruses have a three-way warfare

Enlarge (credit score: iStock / Getty Photos) We’re at present watching—usually in horror—what occurs as a virus and its hosts have interaction in an evolutionary arms race. Measures to restrict… Read more

Mergers, twists, and pentagons: The structure of honeycombs

Enlarge Bees handle some spectacular feats. They not solely keep in mind the situation of excellent meals sources, however they’re capable of talk this info to their friends. Additionally they… Read more

Spiral shark intestines work like Nikola Tesla’s water valve, examine finds

Enlarge / A CT scan picture of the spiral gut of a Pacific spiny dogfish shark (Squalus suckleyi). The start of the gut is on the left, and the tip… Read more

Google particulars its protein-folding software program, teachers provide an alternate

Enlarge (credit score: College of Washington) Due to the event of DNA-sequencing expertise, it has grow to be trivial to acquire the sequence of bases that encode a protein and… Read more

Venus’ clouds too dry, acidic for all times

Enlarge / Venus’ thick environment was photographed in ultraviolet mild in 1979 by the Pioneer Venus Orbiter. (credit score: NSSDCA Picture Gallery) Final 12 months, a research made waves by… Read more

The human household tree retains getting extra difficult

Enlarge (credit score: Avi Levin and Ilan Theiler, Sackler College of Medication, Tel Aviv College) It is gone time to cease pondering of humanity’s nearest family as forming a household… Read more

Puppies’ means to speak with individuals is current virtually from beginning

Enlarge / Gimme 5! New College of Arizona examine finds puppies are wired to speak with individuals. “There’s positively a powerful genetic element, and so they’re positively doing it from… Read more

Researchers rewire the genetics of E. coli, make it virus-proof

Enlarge / On the skin, these closely engineered micro organism look no totally different from their regular friends. (credit score: Raphael Gaillarde / Getty Photos) Lots of the basic options… Read more

Researchers drive two mice to hang around and induce FOMO in a 3rd

Enlarge (credit score: David Aubrey) Since its creation in 2005, a way known as optogenetics has made it vastly simpler to hyperlink neural exercise with conduct and to know how… Read more

Did our ancestors kill all of the island megafauna?

The bones of a pygmy mammoth. (credit score: Nationwide Park Service/Justin Tweet) People have not at all times been nice to nature. However not less than our ancestors might not… Read more

Kids of Chernobyl cleanup crew don’t have extra mutations

Enlarge / Bushes develop close to a former hospital in a city deserted because of the Chernobyl catastrophe. (credit score: Canvan Photos / Getty Photos) Chernobyl is mostly acknowledged because… Read more

Denisovans might have met us within the Pacific

Enlarge / The highlands of Papua New Guinea. (credit score: David Kirkland | Getty Photos) The inhabitants of the Pacific got here in waves. Aboriginal Australians had been the primary… Read more

Narwhal tusks inform a troubling story

Enlarge (credit score: Science & Society Image Library | Getty Photos) Researchers have lengthy debated what the 10-foot-long tooth that erupts from a narwhal’s head is definitely for. Maybe it… Read more

The key to a rat’s sense of contact? It’s all in how the whiskers bend

Enlarge / Northwestern College scientists have developed the primary mechanical simulation of a rat whisker inside its follicle, to higher perceive how that sensory enter is communicated to the mind.… Read more

Mouse embryos develop for days in tradition, however the necessities are a bit nuts

Enlarge / A mouse embryo with the nervous system highlighted in blue. (credit score: Lawrence Berkeley Lab) Embryos begin out as a single cell, and must go from there to… Read more

We’re dwelling on a planet of ants

Enlarge Susanne Foitzik is a proud myrmecologist: an entomologist who makes a speciality of ants (it was a brand new vocab phrase for me, too). Her lab on the Ludwig… Read more

Cuttlefish can go the marshmallow take a look at

Enlarge / A standard cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis, within the Marine Assets Middle on the Marine Organic Laboratory, Woods Gap, MA. A brand new research finds the cuttlefish can delay gratification—a… Read more

Research blames Earth’s magnetic subject flip for local weather change, extinctions

Enlarge / The huge trunk of a kauri tree can stay intact for tens of hundreds of years. (credit score: W. Bulach / Wikimedia) The Earth’s magnetic subject helps shield… Read more

What occurs once you change a human gene with its Neanderthal model?

Enlarge / The distinction between trendy human (left) and Neanderthal skulls means there should be some variations in how their brains develop. (credit score: Wikimedia Commons) What are the important… Read more

Caged warmth: Mesquite bugs battle in a plastic cup—for science!

Scientists on the College of Arizona arrange their very own “Bug Struggle Membership” within the lab, staging wrestling matches between bugs to study extra about defensive constructions and the evolution… Read more

Previous coronavirus infections don’t appear to assist with SARS-CoV-2

Enlarge / False coloration picture of viruses hooked up to a cell’s floor. (credit score: NIAID) Whereas the SARS-CoV-2 virus is new to people, coronaviruses typically aren’t. There have been… Read more

Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine appears good in early evaluation

Enlarge / Image of vials of Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine in opposition to the novel coronavirus illness, COVID-19, seen on the Cotahuma Hospital in La Paz, Bolivia. (credit score: Jorge… Read more

New COVID circumstances dropping, however worrying indicators on the horizon

Enlarge / Aerial view displaying a tractor digging graves in a brand new space of the Nossa Senhora Aparecida, the place COVID-19 victims are buried, in Manaus, Brazil. (credit score:… Read more

It’s the wombat’s unusual intestines, not its anus, that produces cubed poo

Enlarge / Take a look at this pretty cube-shaped piece of poo, courtesy of the Australian bare-nosed wombat. (credit score: Patricia J. Yang et al., 2021) Scientists have been puzzling… Read more

Scientists shocked to seek out that electrical eels typically hunt in packs

Volta’s electrical eels can collect in teams, working collectively to corral smaller fish in shallower waters, a brand new examine finds. Then, smaller teams of about 10 eels assault in… Read more

Electrical energy and CRISPR used to put in writing knowledge to bacterial DNA

Enlarge (credit score: Rizlan Bencheikh and Bruce Arey, PNNL) Lately, researchers have used DNA to encode the whole lot from an working system to malware. Reasonably than being a technological… Read more

The immune system and COVID: It’s nonetheless complicated

Enlarge / SOUTH TANGERANG, INDONESIA – JANUARY 7, 2021: A affected person recovered from COVID-19 donate plasma at Indonesia Pink Cross Transfusion Heart in South Tangerang. (credit score: Barcroft Media… Read more

New virus variant present in Colorado whereas UK struggles to restrict it

Enlarge / UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson poses for {a photograph} with a vial of the AstraZeneca/Oxford College COVID-19 candidate vaccine. (credit score: WPA Pool/Getty Photographs) This week, the UK… Read more

When memes fail anatomy: The dimensions of a blue whale’s butthole

Enlarge / That stuff floating within the water is strictly what you assume it’s. (credit score: Jeff Gritchen/Orange County Register) Once we noticed the memes scoring the scale of a… Read more

How the common-or-garden slime mould helped physicists map the cosmic internet

Enlarge / A reconstruction of the cosmic internet— an enormous community of filamentary constructions of matter spanning the universe—modeled on the expansion patterns of slime mould. (credit score: Joseph N.… Read more

Scientists ID potential biomarkers to peg time of demise for submerged corpses

Enlarge / Ophelia (1852) by John Everett Millais, impressed by the character in Shakespeare’s Hamlet, who goes mad and drowns in a brook. It may be difficult for forensic scientists… Read more

Leonardo da Vinci’s drawings have distinctive microbiomes, research finds

Enlarge / Sampling microbes from Leonardo da Vinci’s Portrait of a Man in Purple Chalk (1512). (credit score: Guadalupe Piñar et al.) Microbiomes are all of the scientific rage, even… Read more

FDA authorizes use of a nonprescription dwelling COVID check

Enlarge (credit score: Ellume) The FDA’s capability to difficulty Emergency Use Authorizations is not restricted to remedies; the administration also can hand them out for medical gear and checks. And… Read more

A promising begin to new human gene-editing trials

Enlarge / Richard Watkins,49, (in mattress) is affected by problems brought on by Sickle cell illness. (credit score: Washington Publish/Getty Photos) Gene remedy has had an extended and typically troublesome… Read more

Two very totally different approaches to restoring imaginative and prescient

Enlarge / Two eyes and their optic nerves, seen on a radial part scan. (credit score: BSIP/Getty Photographs) Our visible system is complicated, with photoreceptors that choose up incoming mild… Read more

A mildly insane thought for disabling the coronavirus

Enlarge / Diagram of the construction of the virus’ spike protein. (credit score: McLellan Lab, College of Texas at Austin) When the COVID-19 pandemic was first acknowledged for the risk… Read more

What we will be taught from contact tracing a whole province

Enlarge / College students have their temperature measured at Daowu center faculty in China’s Hunan Province, a part of the measures adopted to restrict the unfold of the coronavirus. (credit… Read more

The bizarre genomes of domesticated fish

Enlarge (credit score: Jordan Hartig) People have domesticated numerous animals over their historical past, some for meals, some as companions and protectors. A couple of species—assume animals like rabbits and… Read more

There’s no place like the superbly sized house for the mighty mantis shrimp

“Good burrow you’ve there. I need it.” Patrick Inexperienced of the College of Exeter filmed this struggle between mantis shrimp. (video hyperlink) Dimension issues to the small-but-mighty mantis shrimp, which… Read more

Chitin might be used to construct instruments and habitats on Mars, research finds

Enlarge / Scientists combined chitin—an natural polymer present in abundance in arthropods, in addition to fish scales—with a mineral that mimics the properties of Martian soil to create a viable… Read more

Chemical that shouldn’t be there noticed in Venus’ environment

Enlarge / The spectral signature of phosphine superimposed on a picture of Venus. (credit score: ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO), Greaves et al. & JCMT) As we speak, researchers are saying that they’ve… Read more

Crew behind the Russian vaccine publishes some particulars of early trials

Enlarge / MOSCOW, RUSSIA – SEPTEMBER 4, 2020: Medical workers with newly delivered containers containing COVID-19 vaccine in a chilly room at No2 Outpatient Clinic in southern Moscow. (credit score:… Read more